Are you experiencing any vision problems? If so, you’re not alone. In 2016, the National Eye Institute mentioned that visual impairment or blindness in the UScould double to more than 8 million by 2050.
There are many different types of vision problems, and each one requires its own unique treatment. Here are seven of the most common types of vision problems and how they’re treated:
- Amblyopia– Also known as “lazy eye,” amblyopia is a condition in which the vision in one eye is reduced because the brain favors the other eye. Treatment typically involves patching the stronger eye to force the weaker one to work harder. Your ophthalmologist may also recommend eye exercises or special glasses.
- Astigmatism– Astigmatism is a vision problem that occurs when the eye cannot focus light evenly onto the retina, resulting in blurred or distorted vision. It can be treated with corrective lenses (glasses or contact lenses) or refractive surgery. Your ophthalmologist will determine the best treatment for you based on the severity of your condition.
- Cataracts– A cataract is a cloudy or opaque area in the lens of the eye that affects vision. Cataracts typically develop slowly and can eventually lead to blindness if left untreated. Surgery is the only way to remove cataracts, and it is usually very successful in restoring vision. Your ophthalmologist will refer you to a specialist if surgery is necessary.
- Glaucoma–Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, which can lead to vision loss and even blindness. It is often caused by increased pressure in the eye. Treatment may involve medications, laser surgery, or traditional surgery to relieve the pressure and prevent further damage to the optic nerve.
- Macular degeneration– Macular degeneration is a common cause of vision loss in older adults. It occurs when the small central area of the retina (the macula) deteriorates. There is no cure for macular degeneration, but treatments are available to slow the progression of the disease and help preserve vision. These treatments include vitamins, injections, and special lenses.
- Diabetic retinopathy– Diabetic retinopathy is a type of vision problem that can occur in people with diabetes. It happens when high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the retina, causing them to leak fluid or bleed. This can lead to vision loss or even blindness. Treatment typically involves laser surgery to seal the leaking blood vessels. In some cases, injections or surgery may also be necessary.
- Keratoconus– Keratoconus is a type of vision problem that occurs when the cornea (the clear front surface of the eye) becomes thin and cone-shaped. This can cause blurred vision and even blindness if left untreated. Treatment typically involves wearing special contact lenses or undergoing surgery to correct the shape of the cornea.
If you are experiencing any vision problems, make an appointment with your ophthalmologist to get a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. Their ophthalmology EMR software can help them track your progress and ensure you’re getting the care you need. You don’t have to live with vision problems – there are treatments available to help you see clearly again.